These results will have important implications for our understanding of the degree of social openness and mobility. The finding that similarities of the kind measured in the CQ test are of greater importance to women than men is consistent with previous research. For example, females exhibit stronger same-race preferences in a speed-dating context Fisman et al.
It is also predictable on the basis of evolutionary theory. The CQ as a predictor of speed-date outcomes. The Compatibility Quotient CQ is an index of similarity within established or potential couples across a variety of domains known to predict long-term relationship success. Validation data has been presented showing that established couples have substantially higher CQ scores than randomly paired couples and that couples with rewarding relationships have higher CQs than those whose relationship is less happy.
Here we show that CQ scores predict desire to pursue a relationship after only a brief speed-date encounter.
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Nineteen young men had 3-minute social exchanges with 19 young women, providing data on potential relationships. Those couplings in which both parties expressed a desire at least for friendship showed mean CQs of The CQ was also predictive of immediate physical attraction.
Mutually attracted couples averaged CQs of These effects were apparently driven by female preferences, with males being less discriminating. Marital satisfaction in different types of marriages. Social segregation is a ubiquitous feature of human life. People segregate along the lines of income, religion, ethnicity, language, race, and other characteristics. This study provides the first experimental examination of decentralized matching with search frictions and institutionalized segregation. The findings indicate that, without a segregation institution, high types over-segregate relative to the equilibrium prediction.
We observe segregation attempts even when equilibrium suggests that everyone should accept everyone else.
In the presence of a segregation institution, high types successfully segregate themselves from low types in most sessions, despite chasing behavior of some low types. However, high type over-segregation behavior destroys the efficiency gain from the segregation institution. Field Experiments in Labor Economics. Jan Handbook Labor Econ. We overview the use of field experiments in labor economics. We showcase studies that highlight the central advantages of this methodology, which include: To highlight the potential for field experiments to inform issues in labor economics, we organize our discussion around the individual life cycle.
We therefore consider field experiments related to the accumulation of human capital, the demand and supply of labor, behavior within firms, and close with a brief discussion of the nascent literature of field experiments related to household decision-making. Evidence on Mate Selection from Speed Dating.
Marriage data show a strong degree of positive assortative mating along a variety of attributes. But since marriage is an equilibrium outcome, it is unclear whether positive sorting is the result of preferences rather than opportunities. We assess the relative importance of preferences and opportunities in dating behaviour, using unique data from a large commercial speed dating agency.
While the speed dating design gives us a direct observation of individual preferences, the random allocation of participants across events generates an exogenous source of variation in opportunities and allows us to identify the role of opportunities separately from that of preferences. We find that both women and men equally value physical attributes, such as age and weight, and that there is positive sorting along age, height, and education. The role of individual preferences, however, is outplayed by that of opportunities.
Along some attributes such as occupation, height and smoking opportunities explain almost all the estimated variation in demand. Despite this, preferences have a part when we observe a match, i.
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Political orientation and interracial romantic desire. Aug Pers Soc Psychol Bull. The present research examined the association of political orientation with ingroup favoritism in two live romantic contexts.
Gender Differences in Mate Selection: Evidence from a Speed Dating Experiment
In Study 1, White participants had sequential interactions with both a White and Black confederate and reported their romantic desire for each. In Study 2, both White and Black participants speed-dated multiple potential romantic partners and reported whether they would be interested in meeting each speed-dating partner again. In both studies, White participants' political conservatism positively predicted the strength of the ingroup-favoring bias: White conservatives were less likely than White liberals to desire Black interracial relative to White potential romantic partners.
In contrast, Black participants' political conservatism negatively predicted the strength of the ingroup-favoring bias: Consistent with system-justification theory, Black conservatives were more likely than Black liberals to desire White interracial relative to Black potential romantic partners. Political orientation may be a key factor that influences the initiation of interracial romantic relationships. Gender Differences in Mate Selection: Evidence From a Speed Dating Experiment. We study dating behavior using data from a Speed Dating experiment where we generate random matching of subjects and create random variation in the number of potential partners.
Racial Preferences in Dating: Evidence from a Speed Dating Experiment | Request PDF
Our design allows us to directly observe individual decisions rather than just final matches. Women put greater weight on the intelligence and the race of partner, while men respond more to physical attractiveness. Moreover, men do not value women's intelligence or ambition when it exceeds their own. Also, we find that women exhibit a preference for men who grew up in affluent neighborhoods. Finally, male selectivity is invariant to group size, while female selectivity is strongly increasing in group size. Searching for a Mate: Theory and Experimental Evidence.
We show that immigrant managers are substantially more likely to hire immigrants than are native managers. The finding holds when comparing establishments in the same 5-digit industry and location, when comparing different establishments within the same firm, when analyzing establishments that change management over time, and when accounting for within-establishment trends in recruitment patterns. The effects are largest for small and owner-managed establishments in the for-profit sector. Separations are more frequent when workers and managers have dissimilar origin, but only before workers become protected by EPL.
We also find that native managers are unbiased in their recruitments of former co-workers, suggesting that information deficiencies are important. We find no effects on entry wages. Our findings suggest that a low frequency of immigrant managers may contribute to the observed disadvantages of immigrant workers. The Rise and Decline of the American Getto. This paper examines segregation in American cities from to From to , ghettos were born as blacks migrated to urban areas and cities developed vast expanses filled with almost entirely black housing.
From to , black migration continued and the physical areas of the ghettos expanded. Across all these time periods there is a strong positive relation between urban population or density and segregation. By , the legal barriers enforcing segregation had been replaced by decentralized racism, where whites pay more than blacks to live in predominantly white areas. Interracial relationships are a subject of intense popularity and controversy within the Asian American community. Asian Americans are the group with the highest interracial marriage rate in the nation, yet little is known about their dating practices.
As one of the first empirical investigations of interracial dating rates among Asian Americans, this study seeks to examine the rates and patterns of interracial dating and to explain reasons for forming interracial unions. Based on a sample of Asian and white students, the data suggest that studying dating patterns is an important step towards understanding and predicting intermarriage.
Racial Preferences in Dating: Evidence from a Speed Dating Experiment
Many similarities were found between marriage and dating patterns. However, in contrast to the out marriage literature, no sex differences were found in outdating rates and acculturation did not predict interracial dating. Propinquity was found to be the strongest predictor of interracial dating, while ethnic and sex differences in attractiveness were also important predictors. Investigated perceptions of family acceptance concerning interracial friendships and romantic relationships. Results showed that both men and women held negative attitudes toward interracial relationships, although Black students held more favorable attitudes than did White students.
Findings also showed that the women were less accepting of interracial friendships and romantic relationships than were the men. Both Black and White students indicated that family perception of these interracial relationships would be negative. Interracial romantic relationships are a useful barometer of macrolevel race relations. Much of the research of who enters into interracial relationships concentrates upon marital relationships. While this research is useful, there is little research regarding who interracially dates.
Logistical regression analysis was conducted on data from a telephone survey. Abstract We study dating behavior using data from a Speed Dating experiment where we generate random matching of subjects and create random variation in the number of potential partners. You do not currently have access to this article.
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